Prevent Kidney Disease
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Hispanics are at greater risk for kidney disease and kidney failure than White Americans. In fact, Hispanics are 1½ times more likely to have kidney failure compared to other Americans. In 2010, 13% of new kidney failure patients were Hispanic.
Researchers do not fully understand why Hispanics are at a higher risk for kidney disease. However, 10% of Hispanic Americans have diabetes, which is the leading cause of kidney disease. High blood pressure, diet, obesity, and access to healthcare may also play a role.
Healthy kidneys have many important jobs. They remove waste products and extra water from your body, help make red blood cells, help keep your bones healthy and help control blood pressure. When you have kidney disease, kidney damage keeps the kidneys from doing these important jobs the way they should. Kidney damage may be due to a physical injury or a disease like diabetes, high blood pressure, or other health problems.
If you have kidney disease, you may need to take medicines, limit salt and certain foods in your diet, get regular exercise, and more.
Finding and treating your kidney disease early can help slow or even stop kidney disease from getting worse. But if your kidney disease gets worse, it can lead to kidney failure. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive.
Yes. Anyone can get kidney disease at any age. But some people are more likely than others to get it, including Hispanics. Your chances of getting kidney disease are greater if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, a family history of chronic kidney disease, are obese, or 60 years or older. Being Hispanic also means you are at greater risk. The more risk factors you have, the greater your chances of getting kidney disease.
Hispanics are almost twice as likely to have diabetes as white Americans; in fact 10% of Hispanic Americans have diabetes. In older Hispanics diabetes is even more commonâ€”about 1 in 4 Hispanics over 45 years has diabetes. Having diabetes can lead to kidney disease and kidney failure, and diabetes causes kidney failure more often in Hispanics than in white Americans.
High blood pressure is also a serious problem for Hispanics. Nearly 1 in 4 Hispanics has high blood pressure and most do not know that high blood pressure can cause kidney disease.
Hispanics may have less access to healthcare than other Americans. For example, nearly 2 in 5 Hispanics are uninsured. Many Hispanics do not even know they have kidney disease until it's in the latest stages. By then it is too late to slow or stop the kidney damage from getting worse.
Not all Hispanics will get kidney disease. And not everyone who has diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, older age, or a family history of kidney disease will get it. But if you have any of these risk factors you should:
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©2014 National Kidney Foundation. All rights reserved. This material does not constitute medical advice. It is intended for informational purposes only. Please consult a physician for specific treatment recommendations.