KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative)


KDOQI Clinical Practice Guideline for Nutrition in Children with CKD: 2008 Update


ADL Activities of daily living
AHA American Heart Association
AI Adequate intake
AMDR Acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges
APD Automated peritoneal dialysis
BIA Bioelectrical impedance analysis
BMI Body mass index
BSA Body surface area
BUN Blood urea nitrogen
CAPD Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CARI Caring for Australasians with Renal Impairment
CCPD Continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CKD Chronic kidney disease
CPD Chronic peritoneal dialysis
CVD Cardiovascular disease
DHA Docosahexanoic acid
DPI Dietary protein intakes
DRI Dietary reference intake
DXA Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
DV Daily value
EAR Estimated average requirement
ECF Extracellular fluid
EER Estimated energy requirement
EPA Eicosapentanoic acid
ERT Evidence Review Team
G Urea generation rate
GFR Glomerular filtration rate
HD Hemodialysis
HDL High-density lipoprotein
HPLC High-performance liquid chromatography
IDL Intermediate-density lipoprotein
IDPN Intradialytic parenteral nutrition
IgA ImmunoglobulinA
IGF Insulin-like growth factor
K Potassium
KDIGO Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes
KDOQI Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative
LDL Low-density lipoprotein
MAC Mid-arm circumference
MAMA Mid-arm muscle area
MAMC Mid-arm muscle circumference
MDRD Modification of Diet in Renal Disease
mRNA Messenger RNA
Na Sodium
NAPRTCS North American Pediatric Renal Trials and Collaborative Studies
ND Not determined
NE Nitrogen equivalent
n-3 FA Omega-3 fatty acids
NCEP-C National Cholesterol Expert Panel in Children and Adolescents
NKF National Kidney Foundation
nPCR Normalized protein catabolic rate
nPNA Normalized protein nitrogen appearance
25(OH)D 25-Hydroxyvitamin D
1,25(OH)2D 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D
PA Physical activity coefficient
PAL Physical activity level
PD Peritoneal dialysis
PEM Protein-energy malnutrition
PET Peritoneal equilibration test
PTH Parathyroid hormone
RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance
rhGH Recombinant human growth hormone
SD Standard deviation
SDS Standard deviation score(s)
SGA Subjective Global Assessment
SGNA Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment
TEE Total energy expenditure
TG Triglycerides
TNA Total nitrogen appearance
TSF Triceps skinfold thickness
UL Tolerable upper intake level
USDA US Department of Agriculture
VLDL Very low-density lipoprotein
WHO World Health Organization

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