KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative)



KDOQI Clinical Practice Guideline for Nutrition in Children with CKD: 2008 Update


Table 1. Recommended Parameters and Frequency of Nutritional Assessment for Children with CKD Stages 2 to 5 and 5D
Table 2. Equations to Estimate Energy Requirements for Children at HealthyWeights
Table 3. Equations to Estimate Energy Requirements for Children Ages 3 to 18 Years Who Are Overweight
Table 4. Physical Activity Coefficients for Determination of Energy Requirements in Children Ages 3 to 18 Years
Table 5. Nutrient Content or Infusion Rates of IDPN Reported From Small Pediatric Cohorts
Table 6. Potential Adverse Occurrences with IDPN
Table 7. Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges
Table 8. Additional Recommendations on Specific Types of Fat and Carbohydrate
Table 9. Dietary Treatment Recommendations for Children with Dyslipidemia and CKD Stages 5, 5D, and Kidney Transplant
Table 10. Tips to ImplementAHAPediatric Dietary Guidelines for Prevention or Treatment of Dyslipidemia and CVD in Prepubertal Children
Table 11. Dietary Modifications to Lower Serum Cholesterol and Triglycerides for Adolescents with CKD
Table 12. Recommended Dietary Protein Intake in Children with CKD Stages 3 to 5 and 5D
Table 13. Average Ratio of Phosphorus to Protein Content in Various Protein-Rich Foods
Table 14. Dietary Reference Intake: Recommended Dietary Allowance and Adequate Intake
Table 15. Physiological Effects and Sources of Vitamins
Table 16. Physiological Effects and Sources of Trace Elements
Table 17. Dietary Reference Intakes: Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
Table 18. Multivitamin Comparisons
Table 19. Medicines and Other Substances Interfering with Vitamin B6 and Folic Acid Metabolism That May Contribute to Vitamin Deficiency
Table 20. Recommended Calcium Intake for Children with CKD Stages 2 to 5 and 5D
Table 21. Calcium Content of Common Calcium-Based Binders or Supplements
Table 22. Recommended Supplementation for Vitamin D Deficiency/Insufficiency in Children with CKD
Table 23. Recommended Maximum Oral and/or Enteral Phosphorus Intake for Children with CKD
Table 24. Target Range of Serum PTH by Stage of CKD
Table 25. Age-Specific Normal Ranges of Blood Ionized Calcium, Total Calcium and Phosphorus
Table 26. DRI for Healthy Children forWater, Sodium, Chloride and Potassium
Table 27. Insensible Fluid Losses
Table 28. Normal Serum Carnitine Levels (µmol/L)
Table 29. Nutrition-Related Side-Effects of Immunosuppressive Medications
Table 30. Recommended Frequency of Measurement of Calcium, Phosphorus, PTH and Total CO2 After Transplant
Table 31. General Food Safety Recommendations for Immunosuppressed Children
Table 32. Resources for Calculating Anthropometric SDS and Percentiles
Table 33. Resources for Calculating Midparental Height
Table 34. Resources for Calculating Estimated Energy Requirements
Table 35. Actual and Adjusted Amounts and Ratios of Phosphorus to Protein in Specific Foods
Table 36. Nutrient Content of Feeds and Supplements Used in Children with CKD
Table 37. Nutrient Content of Selected Foods High in Fiber
Table 38. Suggested Rates for Initiating and Advancing Tube Feedings
Table 39. KDIGO Nomenclature and Description for Rating Guideline Recommendations
Table 40. Checklist for Guideline Reporting for the Update of the KDOQI Pediatric Nutrition Guideline

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