KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative)


Executive Summaries | Anemia | Hemodialysis | Peritoneal Dialysis |
Vascular Access | Nutrition | CKD 2002 | Dyslipidemias | Bone Metabolism | Hypertension and Antihypertensive Agents | Cardiovascular Disease in Dialysis Patients | History of KDOQI |

KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease in Dialysis Patients

Acronyms and abbreviations

ABPM - ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

ACC - American College of Cardiology

ACE - angiotensin-converting enzyme

ACLS - advanced cardiac life support

ACS - acute coronary syndromes

ADA -American Diabetes Association

AEDs -automatic external defibrillators

AGEs -advanced glycation end-products

AHA - American Heart Association

AI - adequate intake

ALE - advanced lipoxidation end products

AMDRs -Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges

AOPP -advanced oxidation protein products

apo(a) - apolipoprotein(a)

ApoE -Apolipoprotein E

ARBs -angiotensin-receptor blockers

ASA - acetylsalicylic acid

ASCVD - atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

BDI - Beck Depression Inventory

BIA -bioimpedance

BMI - body mass index

CAB - coronary artery bypass

CAD - coronary artery disease

CAPD - continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

CBS - cystathionine synthase

CBV - central blood volume

CBVD - cerebrovascular disease

CCB - calcium-channel blockers

CHF - congestive heart failure

CKD - chronic kidney disease

CMS - Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

CRP - C-reactive protein

CT - cardiothoracic

CVD - cardiovascular disease

DCCT - Diabetes Control and Complications Trial

DEXA - dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

DHA - docosahexenoic acid

EBCT - electron-beam computerized tomography

ECG - electrocardiogram

EMS - Emergency Medical Services

EPA - eicosapentaenoic acid

FSH - follicle-stimulating hormone

GI - gastrointestinal

GnRH - gonadotropin-releasing hormone

HD - hemodialysis

HGS - handgrip strength

HHCY - hyperhomocysteinemia

HRT - hormone replacement therapy

hs-CRP - high-sensitive C-reactive protein

IDH - intradialytic hypotension

IHD - ischemic heart disease

IL-6 - interleukin-6

IOM - Institute of Medicine

IVC - inferior vena cava

JNC - Joint National Committee for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure

LDLs - low-density lipoproteins

LH - leutinizing hormone

Lp(a) - lipoprotein(a)

LNA - alpha-linolenic acid

LV - left ventricular

LVH - left ventricular hypertrophy

MAP - mean arterial pressure

MDA - malondialdehyde

MI - myocardial infarction

MMPI - Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

MPO - myeloperoxidase

MRA - magnetic resonance angiography

MRI - magnetic resonance imaging

MS - methionine synthase

MTHFR - 5,10-methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase

nPCR - normalized protein catabolic rate

PCI - percutaneous coronary intervention

PD - peritoneal dialysis

PEM - protein-energy malnutrition

PP - pulse pressure

PTH - parathyroid hormone

PUFAs - polyunsaturated fatty acid

PVD - peripheral vascular disease

PVR - peripheral vascular resistance

PWV - pulse wave velocity

RDA - Recommended Dietary Allowance

rhEPO - recombinant human erythropoietin

RRT - renal replacement therapy

SCD - sudden cardiac death

SGA - subjective global assessment

STAI - State-Trait Anxiety Inventory

STAXI - State-Trait Anger Expression Scale

SVAs - supraventricular arrhythmias

TIA - transient ischemic attack

UKPDS - United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study

USRDS - United States Renal Data System

VF - ventricular fibrillation

VHD - valvular heart disease

VT - ventricular tachycardia

WHI - Women’s Health Initative