On August 1, 2013, the American Journal of Kidney Diseases published a report indicating that the lifetime risk of moderate kidney disease in Americans is 59.1 percent. Several groups are known to be at especially high risk for kidney disease.
Based on the publication and the existing medical literature, the National Kidney Foundation now recommends annual screening with a simple urine albumin test that checks for protein in the urine, in specific high-risk groups. These include adults with:
- High blood pressure
- Age 60 years or older
- Family history of kidney failure requiring dialysis or transplantation
The NKF recommends that screenings be conducted as a part of an annual physical examination that should also include a blood test for kidney function.