CKD-EPI Cystatin C Equation (2012)

eGFR =
133 x
min(Scys/0.8, 1)-0.499 x
max (Scys/0.8, 1)-1.328 x
0.996Age x
0.932 [if female]

Abbreviations / Units

eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate) = mL/min/1.73 m2

Scys (standardized serum cystatin C) = mg/l

min = indicates the minimum of Scys/0.8 or 1

max = indicates the maximum of Scys/0.8 or 1

age = years


Clinical Use

  • Can be used as a confirmatory test for the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease in patients with a decreased GFR as estimated from creatinine.
  • Data suggests that 3.6% of U.S. adults would be classified as having CKD solely on the basis of a creatinine-based GFR estimate of 45 to 59 ml per minute per 1.73 m2. A strategy of measuring cystatin C when the creatinine-based estimate is in this range and then reestimating GFR with the use of both these markers could correctly reclassify a substantial proportion of such patients as not having chronic kidney disease and not being at high risk.
  • Can also be used to screen for CKD among persons who have a creatinine-based GFR estimate of 60 to 74 ml per minute per 1.73 m2 without albuminuria (10.9% of U.S. adults) or to obtain a more accurate estimation of GFR in patients with muscle wasting or chronic illness.


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