Did you know that each day kidneys filter up to 50 gallons of blood, and that blood has to travel through 140 miles of tubes and millions of filters that exist in the kidneys? The kidneys work 24 hours a day 7 days a week and does about four times the amount of work to clean blood than any other organ. The entire amount of blood in your body circulates about 12 times an hour through your kidneys. Only .1% of the blood volume becomes urine, 99% of the blood is redistributed and reabsorbed by the kidneys. Your kidneys work hard for you, and car donationto the National Kidney Foundation is a great way to support awareness, prevention, and treatment of kidney disease.
The Silent Disease
Kidney disease often has no signs and can go undetected for a long time, and usually affects both kidneys. Warning signs of kidney disease consists of:
Blood in the urine.
High blood pressure.
Protein in the urine.
Frequent urination, especially at night.
Difficult or painful urination.
Puffiness around the eyes.
Swelling of the hands or feet.
Who Gets Kidney Disease?
Over ten percent of americans have kidney disease, here are some other facts about people who have kidney disease:
Over 500,000 people in america are being treated for end-stage renal disease.
African Americans are four times more likely to develop kidney disease than caucasians.
20% of adults with high blood pressure also have kidney disease.
Adults that have diabetes have a 30% of having kidney disease.
Kidney disease affects people that are 65 and older 40% of the time.
Women are more likely to have kidney disease than men.
What Are Some Causes Of Kidney Disease?
Kidney disease is diagnosed by having a decrease in kidney function or some kind of abnormality. The most common causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. People also are born with an irregularity that can cause issues with the kidneys. Here is a list of causes of kidney disease:
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease.
High blood pressure or hypertension causes kidney disease, which can usually be controlled by diet, exercise, and medication.
Polycystic kidney disease is usually inherited but can be caused by a gene mutation.
Kidney stones are very common and can be caused by medication or food.