Everyone needs potassium. It is an important nutrient that helps keep your heart healthy and your muscles working right. But did you know that too much potassium can b...
40%-50% of people with kidney disease experience hyperkalemia or high potassium. A healthcare professional or dietitian will advise you as to the specific level of restriction you need based on your individual health.
While fruits and vegetables contain potassium, people following a potassium-restricted diet can still enjoy a wide array of colorful, delicious, and versatile options.
Here are 40 low potassium fruits and vegetables you can add to your grocery cart. Maybe not all at once…but we’ll leave that decision up to you.
What is potassium?
Potassium is an essential nutrient that helps the body function properly. It helps your nerves, muscles, and heart work the right way. However, people with kidney disease can experience dangerous levels of potassium, called hyperkalemia, if they consume too much because the kidneys aren’t able to remove the excess. Hyperkalemia is a serious health condition that can cause irregular heartbeat or a heart attack. A simple blood test and your kidney disease stage will determine whether your potassium levels are too high.
Are you at risk for high potassium? Take the quiz.
Diet is your first line of defense
It’s important to have the right amount of potassium in your diet- too little can also cause problems! Ask your doctor what your potassium levels should be, and use a dietitian to help you plan your diet properly.
- Serving size matters. A large serving of low-potassium food can turn into a high-potassium food.
- Aim for 2-3 servings of low potassium fruits each day.
- You can leach potassium from vegetables before cooking. Leaching is a process by which some potassium can be pulled out of the vegetable. Learn how to leach vegetables.
|Apricots, canned in juice||½ cup (drain liquid first)|
|Fruit cocktail||½ cup (drain liquid first)|
|Grapes or grape juice||½ cup|
|Mandarin oranges||½ cup|
|Peaches||1 small fresh or ½ cup canned|
|Pears||1 small fresh or ½ cup canned|
|Pineapple juice||4 ounces|
|Watermelon||Limit to one cup|
|Alfalfa sprouts||½ cup|
|Beans, green or wax||½ cup|
|Broccoli (raw or cooked from frozen)||½ cup|
|Green cabbage||½ cup|
|Red cabbage||½ cup|
|Carrots, cooked||½ cup|
|White mushrooms, raw||½ cup|
|Peas, green||½ cup|
|Yellow squash||½ cup|
|Zucchini squash||½ cup|
|Water chestnuts, canned||½ cup|
Learn more about high potassium and nutrition.
Time to get creative in the kitchen
Now that you know what to shop for, turn your ingredients into masterpieces. Kidney-friendly meals and snacks don’t need to be bland to work for you and your diet.
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