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40 Low Potassium Fruits and Vegetables to Add to Your Grocery List

July 22, 2022, 9:56am EDT

Persona haciendo las compras en un mercado de agricultores

40%-50%of people with kidney disease experience hyperkalemia or high potassium. A healthcare professional or dietitian will advise you as to the specific level of restriction you need based on your individual health.

While fruits and vegetables contain potassium, people following a potassium-restricted diet can still enjoy a wide array of colorful, delicious, and versatile options. 

Here are 40 low potassium fruits and vegetables you can add to your grocery cart. Maybe not all at once…but we’ll leave that decision up to you.

Jump to the fruit or vegetable list.

What is potassium?

Potassium is an essential nutrient that helps the body function properly. It helps your nerves, muscles, and heart work the right way. However, people with kidney disease can experience dangerous levels of potassium, called hyperkalemia, if they consume too much because the kidneys aren’t able to remove the excess. Hyperkalemia is a serious health condition that can cause irregular heartbeat or a heart attack. A simple blood test and your kidney disease stage will determine whether your potassium levels are too high.

Diet is your first line of defense

It’s important to have the right amount of potassium in your diet- too little can also cause problems! Ask your doctor what your potassium levels should be, and use a dietitian to help you plan your diet properly. 

Find a kidney dietician near you.

And remember, 

  • Serving size matters. A large serving of low-potassium food can turn into a high-potassium food.
  • Aim for 2-3 servings of low potassium fruits each day.
  • You can leach potassium from vegetables before cooking. Leaching is a process by which some potassium can be pulled out of the vegetable. Learn how to leach vegetables.

Low-potassium fruits

Fruit Serving size
Apple 1 medium
Applesauce  ½ cup
Apricots, canned in juice  ½ cup (drain liquid first)
Blackberries ½ cup
Blueberries ½ cup
Cherries ½ cup
Cranberries ½ cup
Fruit cocktail  ½ cup (drain liquid first)
Grapes or grape juice ½ cup
Grapefruit ½ whole
Mandarin oranges ½ cup
Peaches 1 small fresh or ½ cup canned
Pears 1 small fresh or ½ cup canned
Pineapple ½ cup
Pineapple juice 4 ounces
Plums 1 whole
Raspberries ½ cup
Strawberries ½ cup
Tangerines 1 whole
Watermelon Limit to one cup

Low-potassium vegetables

Vegetable Serving size
Alfalfa sprouts ½ cup
Asparagus 6 spears
Beans, green or wax ½ cup
Broccoli (raw or cooked from frozen) ½ cup
Green cabbage ½ cup
Red cabbage ½ cup
Carrots, cooked ½ cup
Cauliflower ½ cup
Celery 1 stalk
Cucumber ½ cup
Eggplant ½ cup
Kale ½ cup
White mushrooms, raw ½ cup
Onions ½ cup
Peas, green ½ cup
Peppers ½ cup
Yellow squash ½ cup
Zucchini squash ½ cup
Radish ½ cup
Water chestnuts, canned ½ cup


Learn more about high potassium and nutrition

Time to get creative in the kitchen

Now that you know what to shop for, turn your ingredients into masterpieces. Kidney-friendly meals and snacks don’t need to be bland to work for you and your diet.

Here are over 30 flavorful low-potassium recipes to try.

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