End Stage Renal Disease in the United States

BACKGROUNDER

  • According to the latest U.S. Renal Data System Annual Data Report, more than 660,000 Americans are being treated for kidney failure, also called end stage renal disease, or ESRD. Of these, 468,000 are dialysis patients and more than 193,000 have a functioning kidney transplant.
  • In 2013, newly-reported cases of kidney failure occurred in approximately 117,000 Americans. 
  • A profile of kidney failure patients in the U.S. is as follows1:

    Sex:

    Statistics

    Percent

    Males

    378,185

    57.31%

    Females

    281,604

    42.69%

    Age:

    Below 21 years of age

    9,979

    1.51%

    From 22 to 44 years of age

    100,836

    15.28%

    From 45 to 64 years of age

    292,344

    44.3%

    From 65 to 74 years of age

    149,225

    22.61%

    Age 75 years or more

    107,485

    16.28%

    Race & Ethnicity:

    White

    407,377

    61.73%

    Black/African American

    202,483

    30.68%

    Asian

    36,882

    5.58%

    American Indians

    7,188

    1.09%

    Hispanic2

    111,622

    16.91%

    Primary Cause:

    Diabetes

    247,257

    37.47%

    High Blood Pressure

    165,634

    25.1%

    Glomerulonephritis

    107,853

    16.34%

    Cystic Kidney

    30,977

    4.69%

    Other/Unknown/Missing

    108,148

    16.39%

    1. Adjusted for missing and unknown data based on USRDS 2015 report.
    2. Please note totals greater than 100% because Hispanic ethnicity information is collected separately from racial information.

  • There are approximately 6,479 dialysis facilities in the U.S. Of these dialysis facilities, approximately 617 are hospital based.
  • The annual Medicare spending to treat kidney failure in the U.S. is approximately $31 billion.
  • Over 89,000 people with end stage renal disease (kidney failure) die annually.

Updated January 2016

Sources: U.S. Renal Data System Annual Data Report (2015), Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services