What are the tests for hematuria?
Adults who have microscopic hematuria with normal blood pressure and kidney function should have their urine checked over several months.
If blood in the urine continues:
- A kidney ultrasound may be performed.
- Urine should be checked for protein and may be checked for calcium and creatinine (a waste product found in your urine).
- Blood test to determine kidney function and other tests may be performed.
- If all tests are negative, and blood remains in the urine, yearly checkups should be done.
Adults who have microscopic hematuria with high blood pressure, abnormal blood tests, a family history of kidney disease or high levels of protein in the urine may need to have a kidney biopsy.
How is hematuria treated?
If your hematuria is caused by an infection, like a urinary tract infection (UTI), hematuria is treated with antibiotics. Your healthcare provider will test your urine after treating you with antibiotics to make sure that your infection has cleared. The goal of your healthcare provider is to find the cause of blood in your urine. If no serious condition is causing hematuria, no treatment is needed.